Living a life full of different pains is not advisable, and it’s better to see a doctor as soon as the pain has appeared. For some of the pains, you can easily identify whom you need to address to – the dentist is for teeth pains, for example – but in other cases, the pain can be just a symptom for a serious health condition.
The paint management can be complex or easy, and it all depends on the cause of the pain. For example, something that can be easily identified and less complex is the pain given by the herniated disc – this gives the patient the pain in the back that radiates down the leg. The alleviation for this pain may be the steroid injections, physical therapy or even surgery, in the case when the pain does not go away.
Guiding the Pain Treatment
For treating the pain, the doctor must take into consideration everything that is related to it, like the history of the pain and the intensity, the duration of the pain, what are the conditions that aggravate or relieve the pain, and what are the structures that are involved in causing that pain. This last thing means that to be a structure that causes pain, there must be a nerve supply, which is susceptible of injury – in this case, the stimulation of that structure causes the pain.
There is a concept that says that some of the pains can be alleviated through medical procedures, as the body has the needed structure with nerves that offer sensations – the ones that offer you the possibility to feel pain. The pain management is used for identifying the source of the problem and also offering possibilities for the right, optimal treatment.
The Nociceptive Pain
Whenever you have a cut on your skin or when you have a broken bone, the resulting pain is known as nociceptive pain. This is caused by tissue damage or injuries, which give signal from the nerves in the proximity, up to the spinal cord and then to the brain.
Most of the pain that you feel in your back, in your legs and in your arms is nociceptive pain.
The radicular pain is the one that stems from irritation the nerve roots, like a disc herniation. In this case, the pain goes down the arm or the leg. Often, the radiculopathy is associated with the radicular pain, meaning that you will feel a weakness, tingling, numbness or even the loss of reflexes in the affected arm or leg – wherever the nerve is distributed.
The somatic pain is about the back and the thighs. Whenever the patient goes through a set of medical exams, like X-ray, MRI, CT scan and the doctor gives an exact diagnose in just a few cases, the cause of pain is not fully identified. This is the case when the pain is classified as idiopathic, as the cause can’t be established.
The Neuropathic Pain
This kind of pain is usually caused by a disease or damage that affects the nervous system. In some of the cases, there will be no obvious sources of pain, and the pain can sometimes occur spontaneously. This kind of pain usually occur after a nerve is cut or after the patient experienced a stroke.
This includes the CRPS – the reflex sympathetic dystrophy, or the complex regional pain syndrome, the sympathetically maintained pain, the fibromyalgia, the interstitial cystitis and the irritable bowel syndrome.
Usually, pain management includes medication, even if sometimes it will be hard to treat. Medication is recommended because this will influence how the body will interpret the reaction to the pain and how the body handles that pain. The doctors will often recommend antidepressants, which offer you a serious intake of serotonin or norepinephrine, but also anti-seizure medication, which work on various neurotransmitters.